Periodontal (gum) disease progresses as the pocket between the tooth and gums get irritated by plaque, bacteria, and calculus (tartar). As this debris collects, sometimes deep in the pocket of the tooth, it becomes difficult for you to maintain proper cleaning of this area on your own.
Dentists and dental hygienists have the ability to perform a “deep cleaning” or scaling and root planing of these hard to reach areas, which prevents the progression of the disease, dental scaling is done with manual hand instruments, ultrasonic instruments or both. The ultrasonic device will be used to eliminate the plaque bacteria with tartar and biofilm with sonic vibrations from the tooth surface and underneath the gum line. A manual instrument may also be used to remove the remainder.